Thursday, 2 December 2010

Young children are especially trusting of things they're told

From the Journal of Obvious Results: Little kids will believe anything you tell them.
In one experiment, an adult showed children a red and a yellow cup, then hid a sticker under the red one. With some children, she claimed (incorrectly) that the sticker was under the yellow cup; with other children, she placed an arrow on the yellow cup without saying anything. The children were given the chance to search under one of the cups and allowed to keep the sticker if they found it. This game was repeated eight times (with pairs of differently colored cups).

The children who saw the adult put the arrow on the incorrect cup quickly figured out that they shouldn't believe her. But the kids who heard the adult say the sticker was under a particular cup continued to take her word for where it was. Of those 16 children, nine never once found the sticker. Even when the adult had already misled them seven times in a row, on the eighth chance, they still looked under the cup where she said the sticker was. (At the end of the study, the children were given all the stickers whether or not they'd found any of them.)

"Children have developed a specific bias to believe what they're told," says Jaswal. "It's sort of a short cut to keep them from having to evaluate what people say. It's useful because most of the time parents and caregivers tell children things that they believe to be true."
Useful, yes, but then some of us have religious parents -- good people who love us, no question -- but who give us hours and hours of religious indoctrination, filling our heads with appalling rubbish. It short-circuits our logic and makes us believe things are true if the group says they're true. Our thinking skills now subverted, we're sitting ducks for all kinds of crazy ideas. Or as Dawkins said in 'The God Delusion':
Natural selection builds child brains with a tendency to believe whatever their parents and tribal elders tell them. Such trusting obedience is valuable for survival: the analogue of steering by the moon for a moth. But the flip side of trusting obedience is slavish gullibility. The inevitable by-product is vulnerability to infection by mind viruses.
But eventually the influence of parents diminishes. Then you believe it, not because your parents keep telling you it's true, but because you keep telling yourself it's true. Your own mind takes over the work that your parents began. At that point, it's very difficult to escape.

Jesus (that jerk) knew what he was talking about when he said you'd need to be like a little child to be a believer. Undeveloped reasoning skills, and complete reliance on authority figures. Yep, that sums it up.

Even now, when I think of the time I spent on superstition, I feel quite cranky. How much farther ahead I'd be now if I'd been taught (or taught myself) to reason well.

And then every once in a while, I'll see someone who says, "Even as a little kid, I knew religion was crap." I look on these people with a kind of awe and envy. It sure wasn't me.

10 comments:

  1. I'd like to see the follow up study, where the adults begin their experiments by first announcing to the children "Everything I tell you is a lie".

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  2. ...but then some of us have religious parents -- good people who love us, no question -- but who give us hours and hours of religious indoctrination, filling our heads with appalling rubbish."

    That's right Daniel, get it out of your system, yeah?

    So why is it still so wrong to believe in a god? Your problem.

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  3. Oh, it's not just my problem. It's the problem of an entire society when grown men and women aren't able to tell the difference between true and false. Or fact and woo-woo. It induces one to make bad decisions.

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  4. I think religion has its uses, in moderation. My parents have been through a very tough time for the last 10 years since they were diagnosed with cancer, followed with some terrible family problems. I don't think my dad would've survived if he didn't belief in an all-knowing, wise-beyond-our -understanding god who would not give more problems than what we could bear (right...).
    Most of us were the happiest when we were children after all.
    And I know that my past, infantile though it might be, beliefs contribute to what I am today :)

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  5. That's awful, anon. Sorry to hear. Makes me wonder how your dad could have sustained the belief that god doesn't give you more than you can bear. What more could god have dished out?

    Faith can be comforting when we're children. And yet, "when I became a man, I put away childish things".

    I guess I don't begrudge anyone their coping strategies, but I wonder if delusion is really going to be more effective than reality. It's like setting your clock ahead five minutes -- it only works as long as you forget that you're fooling yourself. At some point, we figure out that Santa isn't real, and then it's time to leave the Garden of Eden (to mix my metaphors a bit).

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  6. My understanding is that, according to psychological theory/observation, children do grow up and develop the ability to discern between true and false learnings, as their accumulated experience and knowledge allows them to. You might be testament to this Daniel, because apparently you later discerned that all you had been taught as a child about religion was a lie.

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  7. My observation is that religion still exists.

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  8. That's likely because not everyone agrees with you, Daniel.

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  9. Well, one thing (at least) is for sure: I observe that you don't let go of an argument unless you think you have won it, and my sympathies therefore go to your partner/spouse. Married life could be fraught!!

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